Search Results for: shooting

Two Students Commit Mass Shooting at School

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

2

 

Lessons Learned

  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm or targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • School resource officers are important in the prevention and response to school campus violence.

 

Full Report

Two Students Commit Mass Shooting at School

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Charter

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Describe the security system at the school

  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: 05/07/2019

How many people were injured during the attack? 8

How many fatalities occurred from the attack? 1

Attack Narrative

Two students–ages 18 and 16–left their charter school during their lunch break and went to one of their house’s. During the break, the two students allegedly used cocaine and break a parent’s gun safe to get three weapons, ammunition, and magazines, that they planned to use in a guitar case and a backpack, and went back to their school intent on carrying out their attack.

When they arrived back at the school, they were able to walk through the hallways unquestioned. Eventually, the suspects got to an area in which a number of students were present. The two students recounted slightly different situations to officers, but both admitted that at least one weapon was pulled out and pointed at the students. In the midst of the chaos–including students rushing one of the students with the gun–at least one shot was discharged. The other student attacker was also able to fire a couple shots before escaping further into the school, where he fired additional shots. Ultimately, the two students were confronted by an armed security guard, ordered to the ground, and taken into custody. By the end of the incident, one student was killed and eight others were wounded.

During the investigation the two shooters admitted that they had planned the attack in detail, including talking on social media the night before to finalize the plan. The 16-year-old admitted to police that she was transitioning genders–and preferred male pronouns–and wanted peers to experience trauma similar to what they had to experience as a result of being made fun of so often. The 18-year-old had previously talked about carrying out a school shooting and was considered a bully at the school.

The 16-year-old pled guilty to 17 counts related to the incident–including first-degree murder, conspiracy to commit first-degree murder after deliberation, and six counts of attempted murder after deliberation. The 18-year-old pled not guilty to 44 charges related to the incident–including murder and attempted murder.


How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 2

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 18

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • History of disciplinary problems at school, with other students/teachers

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Directly Communicated Threat Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Lacking empathy, guilt, remorse

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Yes – Cocaine

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Yes, was a bully

Select the type of bullying

  • Verbal

Did the bullying reach the point of formal school documentation? Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Bullying

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Other Peer

 

Suspect #2 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 16

Suspect’s sex Female

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Social withdrawal/isolation from peers

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Yes – Cocaine

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Yes, was bullied

Select the type of bullying

  • Unknown

Was the suspect bullied to the point of formal school documentation? Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Yes

Suspect personally experienced:

  • Other

Suspect personally experienced: – Other – Explain Was transitioning genders

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Grudge/seeking revenge

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail

Admitted to police that she was transitioning genders–and preferred male pronouns–and wanted peers to experience trauma similar to what they had to experience as a result of being made fun of so often.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Unknown

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm or targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • School resource officers are important in the prevention and response to school campus violence.

Student Arrested After Writing Messaging Threatening Mass Shooting in Peer’s Notebook

How was the attack averted?

had conversation about plans/violent threats reported, was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community that they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • While the motive in this case is not clear, it is important to keep in mind that seemingly minor incidents can escalate into a significant grievance for some individuals.
  • This incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • It is not clear from available open sources whether this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team and if affirmative, whether the team was engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and key campus safety stakeholders.
  • If convicted of a felony, the individual’s name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.

 

Full Report

Student Arrested After Writing Messaging Threatening Mass Shooting in Peer’s Notebook

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Urban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

Date of Plot Discovery 2/26/2018

Date of Arrest / Intervention 2/26/2018

Event Narrative

A 17-year-old student wrote a threat in a classmate’s notebook, indicating that he had selected a date that he was going to commit a mass shooting at their high school. The threat specifically named five other students as targets. The suspect noted that he was going to use his parents’ gun. The classmate reported the threat to a teacher who notified the school resource officer (SRO). Deputies searched the suspect’s house and vehicle, and seized all firearms from the residence. Available open sources do not clearly indicate why the suspect targeted the five individuals. However, the threat was deemed credible and the juvenile was arrested and charged with five counts of making terroristic threats.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • told somebody about plans (includes threats)
  • wrote about about plans

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported
  • was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

The attack was averted by

  • Peer
  • SRO

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? In-person

Describe any other details on how the plot was discovered A classmate reported the threat to the school resource officer.

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Unknown

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 17

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Unknown

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Directly Communicated Threat Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Unknown

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Did not provide a reason

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Other Peer

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community that they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • While the motive in this case is not clear, it is important to keep in mind that seemingly minor incidents can escalate into a significant grievance for some individuals.
  • This incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • It is not clear from available open sources whether this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team and if affirmative, whether the team was engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and key campus safety stakeholders.
  • If convicted of a felony, the individual’s name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.

Student Arrested After Text Messages Threatening Mass Shooting

How was the attack averted?

had conversation about plans/violent threats reported, was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community that they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.
  • In this case, a student and her father, and law enforcement took the threat seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize it.
  • The involvement of a school resource officer (SRO) facilitated the rapid and successful resolution of this threat of targeted school violence.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • Educate all members of the school community (students, parents, teachers and staff) about the indicators for potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • It is unclear if this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team, and if affirmative, whether the team engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM Team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also facilitate critical information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
  • It is unclear how this individual obtained three rifles, but if unsafe gun storage at his home or the home of another was a factor, the incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting an anonymous reporting system.

 

Full Report

Student Arrested After Text Messages Threatening Mass Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Rural

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? No

Describe the security system at the school

  • Controlled access to buildings during school hours
  • Locker checks
  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Known

Date of Planned Attack 11/2/2015

Date of Plot Discovery 10/7/2015

Date of Arrest / Intervention 10/7/2015

Event Narrative

A 17-year-old student exchanged text messages with a peer about committing a school shooting at their high school. The student stated that he hated people in general, asked the peer if she wanted to participate in carrying out the school shooting, that he was serious and had been planning the attack for a while, and that she would be a survivor. The student also sent a picture of a rifle in his bedroom and indicated that he hid the gun from his family. The peer became uncomfortable with the exchange and showed the messages to her father. Together, the two went to the local police department to report the threat. Officers including the school resource officer (SRO) responded to the student’s house and conducted an interview and search. During the interview, the student admitted to sending the text messages and the search uncovered three unsecured rifles in the student’s bedroom that he had evidently been hiding from his parents. The student was taken into custody, incarcerated and charged with felony intimidation.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • told somebody about plans (includes threats)

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Parent of other student
  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported
  • was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

The attack was averted by

  • Other Law enforcement
  • Parent of other student
  • Peer
  • SRO

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? In-person

Describe any other details on how the plot was discovered

The peer became uncomfortable with the exchange and showed the messages to her father. Together, the two went to the local police department to report the threat.

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Rifle

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 17

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Directly Communicated Threat Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Social withdrawal/isolation from peers

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? No

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Hates people

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Friend

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community that they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.
  • In this case, a student and her father, and law enforcement took the threat seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize it.
  • The involvement of a school resource officer (SRO) facilitated the rapid and successful resolution of this threat of targeted school violence.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • Educate all members of the school community (students, parents, teachers and staff) about the indicators for potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • It is unclear if this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team, and if affirmative, whether the team engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM Team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also facilitate critical information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
  • It is unclear how this individual obtained three rifles, but if unsafe gun storage at his home or the home of another was a factor, the incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting an anonymous reporting system.

Student Arrested for Threatening Explosion and Mass Shooting

How was the attack averted?

had conversation about plans/violent threats reported, was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Bomb/Explosive, Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community that they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.
  • In this case, students trusted their school resource deputy and reported concerning behavior to the deputy. School officials and law enforcement then took the threat seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize it.
  • The presence of a school resource deputy made it possible to immediately assess the viability of the threat and take preventative action.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • Educate all members of the school community (students, parents, teachers and staff) about the indicators for potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • There is evidence of a school shooting “contagion effect.” School officials and law enforcement are encouraged to exercise increased vigilance in the immediate aftermath of student suicides and mass casualty attacks. This near miss occurred approximately one week after the mass casualty shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting an anonymous reporting system.
  • It is not clear from available open sources whether this high school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team and if affirmative, whether the team was engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and key campus safety stakeholders.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • This incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

 

Full Report

Student Arrested for Threatening Explosion and Mass Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

Date of Plot Discovery 02/23/2018

Date of Arrest / Intervention 02/23/2018

Event Narrative

A 16-year-old student told peers about his detailed plan to commit an act of mass violence at their high school. The suspect told his peers that he intended to start by shooting his teacher, and then use C-4 (a plastic explosive) to collapse the school buildings. He would finish the attack by shooting students as they were evacuating. Some of the peers were disturbed by the threats and reported them to their school resource deputy. The SRD worked with local law enforcement to open an investigation. In an interview with investigators, the suspect admitted that he had devised a mental plan for the destruction because he has a high IQ and is good at strategy. The suspect also stated, “I enjoy bringing pain and seeing other people suffer,” during the interview. During a search of his parents’ house, law enforcement discovered several firearms, which were seized. The suspect was detained and charged with making a false report concerning the use of a firearm in a violent manner, a second degree felony.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • told somebody about plans (includes threats)

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported
  • was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

The attack was averted by

  • Other Law enforcement
  • Peer
  • SRO

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? In-person

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Bomb/Explosive
  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Unknown

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 16

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Unknown

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Directly Communicated Threat Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Disregard for authority/rules
  • Extreme narcissism
  • Lacking empathy, guilt, remorse

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Other

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack? – Other – Explain

Suspect admitted he enjoys bringing pain and seeing other people suffer.

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail
In an interview with investigators, the suspect admitted that he had devised a mental plan for the destruction because he has a high IQ and is good at strategy. The suspect also stated, “I enjoy bringing pain and seeing other people suffer,” during the interview.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Friend

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community that they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.
  • In this case, students trusted their school resource deputy and reported concerning behavior to the deputy. School officials and law enforcement then took the threat seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize it.
  • The presence of a school resource deputy made it possible to immediately assess the viability of the threat and take preventative action.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • Educate all members of the school community (students, parents, teachers and staff) about the indicators for potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • There is evidence of a school shooting “contagion effect.” School officials and law enforcement are encouraged to exercise increased vigilance in the immediate aftermath of student suicides and mass casualty attacks. This near miss occurred approximately one week after the mass casualty shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting an anonymous reporting system.
  • It is not clear from available open sources whether this high school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team and if affirmative, whether the team was engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and key campus safety stakeholders.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • This incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

Perceived Taunting Results in Shooting at School

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • The shooter is not always a current student.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
  • Access control is critical to ensuring school campus safety.
  • School resource officers are important in the prevention and response to school campus violence.

 

Full Report

Perceived Taunting Results in Shooting at School

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Urban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 501 to 1000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? No

Describe the security system at the school

  • School police department

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school

  • All hazards drills

Was the Crisis Management Team activated for this incident? School does not have a Crisis Management Team

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: 02/08/2019

How many people were injured during the attack? 1

Attack Narrative

A 25-year-old man showed up at his 16-year-old sister’s high school with a handgun. The man allegedly believed that his sister was being taunted by a special education assistant at the school and was frustrated that neither the school nor the board of education were addressing his concern. The man entered the front door of the vestibule, before being confronted by the special education assistant that he believed was taunting his sister. At that point, the man took out his gun and fired one shot that hit and injured the special education assistant. The school was immediately placed on lockdown and school police officers took the man into custody. He was charged with attempted first-degree murder.

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 25

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Black/African American

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Other Affiliation

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Easily enraged

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim)

Yes – Other – Linked to a previous homicide for which detectives obtained a first-degree murder arrest warrant

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Bullying

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail

The man allegedly believed that his sister was being taunted by a special education assistant at the school and was frustrated that neither the school nor the board of education was addressing his concern.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Unknown

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • The shooter is not always a current student.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
  • Access control is critical to ensuring school campus safety.
  • School resource officers are important in the prevention and response to school campus violence.

Teenager Planned Mass Shooting Then Suicide at High School

How was the attack averted?

had conversation about plans/violent threats reported, Other, was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one person in their school community they trust enough to share information about concerning behavior with.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool. In this case, a peer reported concerning behavior and school officials and law enforcement took the report seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize the threat.
  • Relationships between school officials and law enforcement are critical to quickly assessing the viability of all threats and taking preventative action.
  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • This averted attack occurred at the beginning of the spring semester. Research by the U.S. Secret Service indicates that targeted school violence sometimes occurs following breaks in attendance.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • It is unclear if this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team, and if affirmative, whether the team engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM Team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also facilitate critical information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • It is important to keep in mind that seemingly minor incidents can escalate into a significant grievance for some individuals.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider establishing an anonymous reporting system.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental or behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • This individual’s name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

 

Full Report

Teenager Planned Mass Shooting Then Suicide at High School

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Rural

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Unknown

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

Date of Arrest / Intervention 12/9/2008

Event Narrative

A 15-year-old planned to shoot everyone he did not like at his high school and then commit suicide. As part of his plan, he would tell his friends to stay home from school. The suspect also stole three guns from his father’s gun locker and gave them to a friend to hold for him. The suspect planned to have his friend bring the guns to their high school and give them to him right before he would start shooting. The weapons included a .357 Magnum, .22-caliber semi-automatic pistol and a .45-caliber pistol, as well as 250 rounds of ammunition.

The attack was brought to the attention of law enforcement after the suspect’s father reported to local police that his guns had been stolen from a gun locker in his basement. The friend who was holding the guns had also shown them to his stepmother and notified a teacher about the plan. The teacher reported the threat to school administrators who notified law enforcement and placed the school on an enhanced security posture. During the investigation, the suspect was interviewed, admitted to developing the plan, and indicated he was delayed in carrying out the attack because he was waiting for people to forget about the gun theft and for the school to go back to its normal level of security.

The juvenile was detained for evaluation in a secure facility. Upon release, he was taken into custody on a court-ordered detainer and charged as an adult with attempted murder with a deadly weapon. He was later admitted to a residential treatment facility for troubled youth as his sentence. According to the district attorney, the subject was a good student at one time, but had been experiencing depression and mental health problems. He was repeating his freshman year of high school.


What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • Other
  • told somebody about plans (includes threats)

How was the plot initially discovered? – Other – Explain

The suspect’s father reported to local police that his guns had been stolen from a gun locker in his basement.

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Parent of suspect
  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported
  • Other
  • was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

How was the attack averted? – Other – Explain

The suspect’s father reported to local police that his guns had been stolen from a gun locker in his basement.

The attack was averted by

  • Parent of suspect
  • Peer
  • School teacher
  • SRO

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Describe any other details on how the plot was discovered

The attack was brought to the attention of law enforcement after the suspect’s father reported to local police that his guns had been stolen from a gun locker in his basement. The friend who was holding the guns had also shown the guns to his stepmother and notified a teacher about the plan and the teacher notified school officials, who called the police.

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol
  • Rifle

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 15

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 9

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Historically poor academic performance (low grades, repeating a grade, etc.)

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Sudden decline in academic performance

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • No known disciplinary issues

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Directly Communicated Threat Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Depressed mood
  • Impaired social/emotional functioning
  • Social withdrawal/isolation from peers

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? No

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • No

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? No

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail

He was described by his friends, people who knew him, as a bit of an outcast, as a loner, as someone who did not have many friends. According to officials, the plan was his reaction to feeling like he didn’t fit in and wanting to do something about that and then take his own life.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Other Peer

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • It is essential that every student has at least one person in their school community they trust enough to share information about concerning behavior with.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool. In this case, a peer reported concerning behavior and school officials and law enforcement took the report seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize the threat.
  • Relationships between school officials and law enforcement are critical to quickly assessing the viability of all threats and taking preventative action.
  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • This averted attack occurred at the beginning of the spring semester. Research by the U.S. Secret Service indicates that targeted school violence sometimes occurs following breaks in attendance.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • It is unclear if this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team, and if affirmative, whether the team engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM Team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also facilitate critical information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • It is important to keep in mind that seemingly minor incidents can escalate into a significant grievance for some individuals.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider establishing an anonymous reporting system.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental or behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • This individual’s name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

Ex-Nurse Charged with Threatening Mass Shooting at Former School

How was the attack averted?

had conversation about plans/violent threats reported, was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • It is important to educate all members of the community on indicators of potential self-harm or targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior. In this case, someone at a local gun store reported their concern about the suspect expressing a desire for revenge for the school-related sexual assault charges.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, contact gun store owners in your jurisdiction to familiarize them with indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • The threat is not always a student.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure that they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • It is not clear from available open sources whether this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team and if affirmative, whether the team was engaged with this staff member. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students and staff who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and key school safety stakeholders.
  • If this individual is ultimately convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

 

Full Report

Ex-Nurse Charged with Threatening Mass Shooting at Former School

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Describe the security system at the school

  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school

  • All hazards drills

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

Date of Plot Discovery 03/16/2020

Date of Arrest / Intervention 03/16/2020

Event Narrative

A former high school nurse was planning a mass shooting as revenge for charges from a previous case. The former nurse indicated that he was “fed up” and “feeling like a poked bear” because of the charges, which included third degree rape of a 15-year-old student in the school parking lot and accusations of sexual misconduct from two other students. When he bonded out of jail following those charges, he surrendered his concealed pistol license and swore he had no additional firearms. When he tried to get his AR-style rifle repaired at a local gun shop, an anonymous tip was submitted to local law enforcement indicating that the school nurse still had access to multiple firearms and was making verbal threats to carry out an act of mass casualty violence. Although the suspect did not specifically mention targeting the high school or any of the victims in the previous case, he allegedly claimed that he was “going to indiscriminately shoot people because nobody was innocent.” Following the tip, police arrested the suspect again for violating a condition of release by failing to surrender all his weapons and committing a crime of harassment.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • told somebody about plans (includes threats)

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Other

The attack was initially discovered by – Other – Explain An anonymous tip from someone at a local gun store

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported
  • was arrested/tackled/otherwise physically restrained

The attack was averted by

  • Other Law enforcement

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Anonymous reporting system (tip line)

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Rifle

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 51

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Former Employee

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Directly Communicated Threat Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Does not take responsibility for consequences
  • Lacking empathy, guilt, remorse

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Yes

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Other

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack? – Other – Explain Revenge

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Other

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes – Other – Explain Person at a local gun store

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • It is important to educate all members of the community on indicators of potential self-harm or targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior. In this case, someone at a local gun store reported their concern about the suspect expressing a desire for revenge for the school-related sexual assault charges.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, contact gun store owners in your jurisdiction to familiarize them with indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • The threat is not always a student.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure that they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • It is not clear from available open sources whether this school has a Behavior Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) Team and if affirmative, whether the team was engaged with this staff member. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students and staff who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and key school safety stakeholders.
  • If this individual is ultimately convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

Teen Viewed Shooting as an Experiment

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • Suspect had openly displayed materials that suggested a fascination with violence, spoke about joining the Mafia,and hurting others – but no actions were taken.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Unusual or uncharacteristic behavior, a fascination with violence, suspicious behavior and “jokes” must be taken seriously and acted upon by family members, school officials and fellow students.

 

Full Report

Teen Viewed Shooting as an Experiment

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Urban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Describe the security system at the school

  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school

  • Active shooter trainings

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: January 23, 2018

How many people were injured during the attack? 18

How many fatalities occurred from the attack? 2

Attack Narrative

On the night of January 22, 2018, the suspect went to his mother and stepfather’s closet and took their loaded Ruger MK .22-caliber semi-automatic pistol and put it in his backpack. The following morning, January 23, 2018, the suspect went to school and checked the band room to make sure all of his friends were there and safe. He then approached three students and asked them to flip a coin to decide whether he should go ahead with the attack. After that, he went to the common area and began shooting, just before 8 AM. Two (2) students were killed and eighteen (18) other persons in the school were injured. When he ran out of ammunition, he hid in the weight training room with other students, until he was recognized as the shooter and was subsequently arrested by the police.
At least 6 months before the shooting, the suspect began speaking about “the kids he may hurt,” and openly spoke about joining the Mafia. The suspect had been searching and saving images of school shootings on his phone and he had covered his bedroom with materials about deadly weapons, WWII, and the Nazi Regime. The Communist Manifesto was recovered from a bag that was on his person and a copy of Mein Kampf was recovered from his home. In December, the suspect allegedly contemplated shooting himself, “but realized that his family would hurt more if he killed himself, rather than if he just went to prison for harming someone else.”

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 15

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 10

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • No known academic issues

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • No known disciplinary issues

Describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Describe the suspect’s disciplinary history Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Identification Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Add any additional description of the warning signs that the suspect(s) exhibited

Suspect had researched previous school shootings, had a lot of his room devoted to WWII, the Nazi regime, and weapons. He had expressed a desire to join the Mafia and referenced the “the kids [he] may hurt,” at least 6 months prior to the attack.

Suspect characteristics

  • Depressed mood
  • Lacking empathy, guilt, remorse

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • No

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Yes

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Other

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack? – Other – Explain

He wanted to see how students would respond, how police would respond, how society would respond at large to it.

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail
Suspect told police that he was atheist and that his life had no purpose and other people’s lives had no purpose.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • No

Did the suspect make vague but disconcerting references to aspects of ideas for violence, plans, or preparations prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than to co-conspirators)? Yes – Referenced the “kids [he] may hurt”

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • Suspect had openly displayed materials that suggested a fascination with violence, spoke about joining the Mafia,and hurting others – but no actions were taken.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Unusual or uncharacteristic behavior, a fascination with violence, suspicious behavior and “jokes” must be taken seriously and acted upon by family members, school officials and fellow students.

Student Commits Suicide Before Carrying Out School Shooting

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • There is evidence of a school shooting “contagion effect.” School officials and law enforcement are encouraged to exercise increased vigilance in the immediate aftermath of student suicides and mass casualty attacks.
  • Research by the U.S. Secret Service indicates that targeted school violence sometimes occurs following breaks in attendance.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.
  • This incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • Social media monitoring can identify individuals on the pathway to violence. Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting a defensive social media monitoring and alert system that ensures privacy rights.
  • It is not clear from open-source reporting whether this school or school district has a behavior threat assessment and management (BTAM) team, and if affirmative, whether it was engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider establishing an anonymous reporting system.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure that they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • Review and update as needed school policies and procedures for family reunification. In the immediate aftermath of critical incidents many students and parents may be experiencing panic and thus it is extremely important that school officials and law enforcement have a well-practiced plan for reunification that considers a multitude of challenges. These challenges include the sheer number of students, limited vehicular access, misinformation, and the need to ensure students are not released to a prohibited person.

 

Full Report

Student Commits Suicide before Carrying Out School Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Rural

Type of School Public

Grade/education level Middle School (Jr. High)

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Describe the security system at the school

  • Controlled access to buildings during school hours
  • Locked entrance or exit doors
  • School staff monitoring hallways
  • Security cameras used to monitor the school
  • Teachers and staff required to wear badges/ID
  • Visitors required to sign in
  • Visitors required to wear badges/ID

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school

  • All hazards drills
  • Lockdown drills

Was the Crisis Management Team activated for this incident? Unknown

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Event Narrative

A 13-year-old student left his house the morning of February 20th and boarded a school bus with his backpack filled and a gun hidden under his clothing. The gun, a .22 caliber semi-automatic rifle, was taken from his mother’s home and his backpack was filled with bottle rockets, ammunition, and batteries. The student stood away from other students behind a parked vehicle at the bus stop. When the bus arrived at school he walked through the main entrance and entered the bathroom. He removed the gun from his backpack and walked out of the bathroom into the hallway where four students were standing, but they did not see the gun. The suspect quickly returned to the bathroom, where another student saw the gun and quickly ran to a classroom to report what he had seen. While in the bathroom, the suspect shot himself in the head, committing suicide. No other students were physically harmed. Prior to the incident, the suspect began researching Columbine and kept a memo on his phone. In the memo he detailed an 8-step plan and his access to firearms. His memo also indicated that he wanted to carry out an attack to leave an impression on the world and that he wanted followers like he followed the Columbine shooters. He also suggested he would have gone for a larger target, but his school was easy. The memo also notes that the items in his backpack were meant to aid in creating a distraction while he continued to fire.This incident took place approximately one week after the mass casualty shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida. It also occurred immediately following a four-day break for students.

How was the attack averted? – Other – Explain suspect committed suicide

The attack was averted by – Other – Explain the suspect himself

How many fatalities occurred from the attack? 1

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Rifle

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 13

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 7

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Describe the suspect’s disciplinary history Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Identification Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Add any additional description of the warning signs that the suspect(s) exhibited

There was no evidence that the suspect told anyone else about his planned attack.

Suspect characteristics

  • Lacking empathy, guilt, remorse

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Yes

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Other

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack? – Other – Explain He would never be forgotten.

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail

Direct Quotes from his memos, “I wanna leve a lasting impression on the world and I Keith M. Simons also want to leave a lasting impression on the world.” “I’ll look at those scared little britches eyes before I kill them there’s now I’ll have followers because I’m so awesome I know someone will follow me just like I followed Eric Harris and Dylan Klebolt’s me and them want close to the same thing, it’s going to be fun….. They say school shootings are horrible but they don’t think like us like me Eric and Dylan….” “…..I’m going to die doing it, I hate those people, when they interview my parents and ask how they didn’t see the signs they should know it’s not them it’s me and it’s because of how I see the world…. I’d hurt and destroy something bigger but my schools an easy target….” “…..this will be bigger that anything this country’s ever seen, …….. I’ve been planning this for a few weeks and thought about it a few months, I will never be forgotten I’ll be a stain in American history and the Simons history, it’s going to be so mutch fun. They won’t expect a thing.”

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • No

Did the suspect make vague but disconcerting references to aspects of ideas for violence, plans, or preparations prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than to co-conspirators)? No

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • There is evidence of a school shooting “contagion effect.” School officials and law enforcement are encouraged to exercise increased vigilance in the immediate aftermath of student suicides and mass casualty attacks.
  • Research by the U.S. Secret Service indicates that targeted school violence sometimes occurs following breaks in attendance.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • It is essential that every student has at least one adult in their school community they trust enough to share concerning behavior with.
  • This incident may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • Social media monitoring can identify individuals on the pathway to violence. Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting a defensive social media monitoring and alert system that ensures privacy rights.
  • It is not clear from open-source reporting whether this school or school district has a behavior threat assessment and management (BTAM) team, and if affirmative, whether it was engaged with this student. If not already in existence, establish and maintain a BTAM team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider establishing an anonymous reporting system.
  • To the extent possible, schools should ensure that they have mental health resources, or the ability to refer students and staff for mental and behavioral health diagnosis and treatment.
  • Review and update as needed school policies and procedures for family reunification. In the immediate aftermath of critical incidents many students and parents may be experiencing panic and thus it is extremely important that school officials and law enforcement have a well-practiced plan for reunification that considers a multitude of challenges. These challenges include the sheer number of students, limited vehicular access, misinformation, and the need to ensure students are not released to a prohibited person.

High School Student Arrested for Making School Shooting Threat

How was the attack averted?

had social media post/entry/video reported

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider establishing an anonymous reporting system.
  • In this case, a student reported a threat and law enforcement took their reports seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize the threat.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • There is evidence of a school shooting “contagion effect.” School officials and law enforcement are encouraged to exercise increased vigilance in the immediate aftermath of student suicides and mass casualty attacks.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

  • Social media monitoring can identify individuals on the pathway to violence. Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting a defensive social media monitoring and alert system that ensures privacy rights.
  • If not already in existence, establish and maintain a behavior threat assessment and management team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • While the motive in this case is not clear, it is important to keep in mind that seemingly minor incidents can escalate into a significant grievance for some individuals.
  • This near miss may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

 

Full Report

High School Student Arrested for Making School Shooting Threat

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Known

Date of Planned Attack November 15, 2019

Date of Plot Discovery November 14, 2019

Date of Arrest / Intervention November 15, 2019

Event Narrative

A 17-year-old student posted on social media that there was going to be a school shooting at his high school the next day. A peer who saw the social media post reported it through the school district’s Tip411 system and local law enforcement was made aware of it. Police also received a call from the mother of the student who reported the tip. Police went to the suspect’s house and found two guns and arrested the student for making criminal threats. A multiple fatality shooting occurred at another high school in the same state the day the threat was posted. Available open-sources do not indicate a motive for the threat but law enforcement officials believe it was a credible threat. The student posting the threat had past law enforcement contacts. This case may be tried in adult court.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • mentioned plans on social media/an online platform

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had social media post/entry/video reported

The attack was averted by

  • Other Law enforcement
  • Parent of other student
  • Peer

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Describe any other details on how the plot was discovered

A peer who saw the social media post reported it through the school district’s Tip411 system and local law enforcement were made aware of it. Police also received a call from the mother of the student who reported the tip.

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Unknown

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 17

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Unknown

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Unknown

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Yes

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Unknown

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

  • Resources and community culture permitting, consider establishing an anonymous reporting system.
  • In this case, a student reported a threat and law enforcement took their reports seriously and acted expeditiously to neutralize the threat.
  • Promoting See Something, Say Something is an essential violence prevention tool.
  • It is important to educate all members of the school community on indicators of potential self-harm and targeted violence, and how to report concerning behavior.
  • There is evidence of a school shooting “contagion effect.” School officials and law enforcement are encouraged to exercise increased vigilance in the immediate aftermath of student suicides and mass casualty attacks.


Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

  • Social media monitoring can identify individuals on the pathway to violence. Resources and community culture permitting, consider adopting a defensive social media monitoring and alert system that ensures privacy rights.
  • If not already in existence, establish and maintain a behavior threat assessment and management team to address concerning behavior, and monitor students who are removed from the community but may return. These teams can also play a critical role in facilitating information-sharing between school officials, law enforcement, mental health providers and other key school safety stakeholders.
  • Assess and invest in school climate.
  • While the motive in this case is not clear, it is important to keep in mind that seemingly minor incidents can escalate into a significant grievance for some individuals.
  • This near miss may serve as an impetus for community education on safe gun storage.
  • If this individual is convicted of a felony or certain gun-related misdemeanors his name should be placed on the firearms “no purchase” list maintained by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.