Search Results for: shooting

Beach High School 2000 Shooting

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

It is unclear from information available whether the school had a behavioral threat assessment team. Such a team can help identify safety risks related to student gang involvement and recommend appropriate interventions and safety measures.

 

 

Full Report

Beach High School 2000 Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: 03/10/2000

How many people were injured during the attack? 1

How many fatalities occurred from the attack? 2

1. Suspect drives to school event with gun

On March 10, 2000, the suspect is in a car with two other individuals. The two individuals flash gang signs towards students exiting a building from a school event.

2. Suspect starts shooting

When the suspect’s friends flash gang signs towards kids walking in the street, the kids respond with obscene gestures. The suspect then pulls out his gun and fires several shots, killing two of the kids in the street and severely wounding another. He fires at least 6 shots.

3. Suspect drives away

The three men in the car then drove away, and the suspect said he “got two of them.”

4. Suspect is arrested

The suspect is arrested the next day.

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school?

Other – Outside of school event at building across street from school

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 19

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Black/African American

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Former Student – Drop Out

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

It is unclear from information available whether the school had a behavioral threat assessment team. Such a team can help identify safety risks related to student gang involvement and recommend appropriate interventions and safety measures.

Berrendo Middle School Shooting 2014

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

School Superintendent says that the school has had active shooter training, which helped on the day of the shooting. The quick actions and bravery of an unarmed teacher helped to prevent the shooter from firing the weapon again. The shooter brought the shotgun into the school in a case for a musical instrument, something other shooters have done. The gun belonged to the shooter’s father; however, the shooter was still able to access the gun. School installed security cameras after this incident.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

Parents who keep guns in the house should properly lock and store the weapons so that their children cannot access them.

 

Full Report

Berrendo Middle School Shooting 2014

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level Middle School (Jr. High)

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 501 to 1000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Describe the security system at the school

  • Locked entrance or exit doors
  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school
  • Teachers and staff required to wear badges/ID

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: 1/14/2014

How many people were injured during the attack? 2

1. Student allegedly tells of plot months in advance

Police say the owner of a furniture store knew of the student’s plans months before the shooting. She told police the student said he was tired of being bullied so he was planning to become an advocate against bullying. He was going to saw off the end of his shotgun so he could bring it to school in his backpack.

2. 01/10/2014 – Student details plot

The student writes a “methodical” plan in a notebook before the shooting. He writes that he is considering using a handgun and a knife to kill a school bully. The writings describe the student’s wish to get revenge on a student who had bullied him, using his father’s gun. He writes, “Hi everyone. If you’re reading this, I’m probably in jail.” “Don’t worry. I did what I wanted to do … I grabbed a 20 gauge shot gun and heavy-duty saw. I chopped the stock off. Tomorrow will be fun.”

3. 01/12/2014 – Student posts online

According to another student, the suspect posts online on Sunday saying, “Tomorrow will be the first Monday that will be fun for me lol never thot I’d say that,” but the school was closed on Monday because of plumbing problems, the L.A. Times reports.

4. 01/14/2014 – Student opens fire in gymnasium

Around 7:30 am, the student enters the school carrying a band instrument case. Inside the case is a modified shotgun. The suspect warns friends and cousins to stay away from the gym and “go to the cafeteria instead.” The suspect then enters the gym, where many students are gathered to keep warm, and fires into the bleachers. He shoots a boy in the face, and a girl in the shoulder. The male shooting victim is a friend of the suspect.

5. Teacher talks suspect into putting the gun down

After he hears gunshots, a teacher walks up to the suspect and asks him to put down the gun. The teacher states, “Well, I yelled at him, that’s when he spun in my direction. And I just started yelling, ‘put it down, put it down.’ By the grace of God, he put it down.” At this point, a state police lieutenant happens to be dropping off his child at school. The principal asks if he can help secure the scene. Police are called to the school at 8:11 AM.

6. Student is tried

The student apologizes to victims during his trial. He says, “I’m very sorry for my actions…This is not what I meant to do. I am very sorry.”

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Shotgun

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 12

Suspect’s sex Male

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 7

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • Unknown

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Energy Burst Warning Behavior
  • Fixation Warning Behavior
  • Leakage Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Add any additional description of the warning signs that the suspect(s) exhibited

Wrote journal of plans, posted on Facebook vaguely referring to plot, allegedly told a girl months in advance about the plot itself.

Was the suspect ever formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • Yes, was bullied

Was the suspect bullied to the point of formal school documentation? Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)? – Yes

  • Stories/ Journals

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)? – Yes – Stories/ Journals – Explain Wrote journal that detailed his plans for the attack.

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Bullying
  • Grudge/seeking revenge
  • Resentment

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail

He wanted to get revenge on a bully and advocate against bullying.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • No

Did the suspect make vague but disconcerting references to aspects of ideas for violence, plans, or preparations prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than to co-conspirators)?

Yes – Told friends and family at the school to stay away and to “go to the cafeteria instead” on the day of the shooting. Posted on social media that for once he was going to have fun at school. Allegedly, he told an unnamed female about the attack months before, but this was never confirmed.

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

School Superintendent says that the school has had active shooter training, which helped on the day of the shooting. The quick actions and bravery of an unarmed teacher helped to prevent the shooter from firing the weapon again. The shooter brought the shotgun into the school in a case for a musical instrument, something other shooters have done. The gun belonged to the shooter’s father; however, the shooter was still able to access the gun. School installed security cameras after this incident.

Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

Parents who keep guns in the house should properly lock and store the weapons so that their children cannot access them.

Italy High School 2018 Shooting

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

Pay attention to warning signs, particularly in the case of repeated violence towards students. School administrators should have access to a behavioral threat assessment team to assess the risk a student poses to the school and identify appropriate interventions.

 

 

Full Report

Italy High School 2018 Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Rural

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 500 or less

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: 01/23/2018

How many people were injured during the attack? 1

1. Suspect had history of anger issues

Peers and parents that were interviewed after the attack had said that they had warned the administration of his anger issues after multiple incidents of violence against students.

2. Suspect started shooting in the cafeteria

The suspect shot at a female student and injured her. He shot at another student but missed, and then ran out of bullets.

3. Suspect was arrested

The suspect was arrested and charged with assault.

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 16

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Unknown

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues?

  • Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history

  • History of disciplinary problems at school, with other students/teachers

Did the suspect exhibit any of the below warning signs before the attack or planned attack?

  • Energy Burst Warning Behavior
  • Pathway Warning Behavior

Suspect characteristics

  • Easily enraged
  • Other

Suspect characteristics – Other – Explain

Many students were “not surprised” when they learned he was the shooter. Incidents of violence with students before.

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Grudge/seeking revenge

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Unknown

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

Pay attention to warning signs, particularly in the case of repeated violence towards students. School administrators should have access to a behavioral threat assessment team to assess the risk a student poses to the school and identify appropriate interventions.

Out-of-state Mother Helps Avert Planned School Shootings

How was the attack averted?

Had social media post/entry/video reported

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

Social media monitoring can be a valuable tool for law enforcement in detecting early warning signs. Additionally, encourage all community members to report any concerns they have to law enforcement.

 

 

Full Report

Out-of-state Mother Helps Avert Planned School Shootings

 

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

Date of Plot Discovery 10/25/18

Date of Arrest / Intervention 10/25/18

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • Wrote about about plans

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Other

The attack was initially discovered by – Other – Explain Social media

How was the attack averted?

  • Had social media post/entry/video reported

The attack was averted by

  • Other

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 20

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Former Student – Drop Out

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history Unknown

Describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Suspect characteristics

  • Unknown

Was the suspect every formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Did not provide a reason

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Unknown

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

Social media monitoring can be a valuable tool for law enforcement in detecting early warning signs. Additionally, encourage all community members to report any concerns they have to law enforcement.

Assistant Principal Prevents Targeted Shooting

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

Trusting relationships between administrators and students are essential and were essential to averting this situation. Without that trust, the reporting student may not have reported the dangerous situation. A major contributor was the rumor – and the school recognized the need to help students have a healthier way to deal with rumors as well as help them understand the effect words have on others.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

Reinforce see something say something and have a mechanism in place by text or call to report these types of safety concerns.

Recommended Changes to School Procedure

The assistant principal should not have escorted the student alone, if indeed an SRO or other law enforcement officer was immediately available.

 

Full Report

Assistant Principal Prevents Targeted Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Rural

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 501 to 1000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? No

Describe the security system at the school

  • Controlled access to buildings during school hours
  • Locked entrance or exit doors
  • School staff monitoring hallways
  • Security cameras used to monitor the school
  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school
  • Teachers and staff required to wear badges/ID
  • Visitors required to sign in
  • Visitors required to wear badges/ID

Approximately what percentage of classrooms have locks that can be operated from the inside? None

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school

  • All hazards drills

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school – All hazards drills – How often do they occur? Per state requirements

How do administration personnel, staff, and teachers communicate during an emergency? Via intercom

Was the Crisis Management Team activated for this incident? No – Administration and counselors

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Known

Date of Plot Discovery 11/6/2012

Date of Arrest/Intervention 11/6/2012

1. Female freshman would-be shooter

Female freshman student brought a .38 special to school on 11/6/2012. Another female student saw the weapon during lunch and reported in to one of the assistant principals (APs) under the promise of anonymity. The female who reported the weapon made a point of stating that she was afraid and was only reporting it because she trusted the AP would handle the situation and would keep her promise to keep the report anonymous. The AP responded immediately by being friendly with the accused student and escorting the accused student with her possessions to the AP’s office and conducted a search. Prior to initiating the search, the AP explained the scope and reason for the search and noted the student reached for her purse. The AP calmly explained to the student that the AP conducts the search and began the search with the purse, where the AP located the .38 special. The AP asked the student why she had the gun. The student explained that another female student started a rumor that she was pregnant and that she had brought the gun to shoot her. The AP explained that she would have to call the police and her parents, explained the expulsion procedure that would likely follow, and explained that ultimately things would be okay, because people make mistakes. The AP reassured student that when she returned to school, all would be okay.

The student returned after one year of expulsion to a computer-based school within a school setting in a different building on campus. She met with same AP upon return and throughout her remaining education, and successfully completed her education without further incident.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • was seen carrying a weapon on school property

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • Other

The attack was averted by

  • Peer
  • School administrator

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s name Female suspect

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 16

Suspect’s sex Female

Race/Ethnicity

  • Latino/a

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 9

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history No known disciplinary issues

Suspect characteristics

  • Unknown

Was the suspect every formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Grudge/seeking revenge

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail Revenge for a rumor another girl had spread about her.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • No

Did the suspect make vague but disconcerting references to aspects of ideas for violence, plans, or preparations prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than to co-conspirators)? No

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

Trusting relationships between administrators and students are essential and were essential to averting this situation. Without that trust, the reporting student may not have reported the dangerous situation. A major contributor was the rumor – and the school recognized the need to help students have a healthier way to deal with rumors as well as help them understand the effect words have on others.

Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

Reinforce see something say something and have a mechanism in place by text or call to report these types of safety concerns.

Recommended changes to school procedure

The assistant principal should not have escorted the student alone, if indeed an SRO or other law enforcement officer was immediately available.

Student Arrested for Possible Planned Shooting

How was the attack averted?

Would-be perpetrator had conversation about plans/violent threats reported

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

Cooperation and relationships with local schools is paramount.
School officials must take immediate action for all threats. Upon obtaining information about the threat, school staff immediately detained the student and called the police.
Students should report any and all threats that they encounter. The student shared his intentions with a friend (possibly in writing), who then reported to school authorities.
Police must investigate without delay once they are called by school personnel about a potential school attack. This was demonstrated in this incident, because when police were called, they came immediately, talked with the suspect, notified his parents, and searched his house. Although nothing illegal was found in the house, the juvenile was charged with making terroristic threats.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

Talk to school staff on signs to look for. The school should continue to speak with students about the importance of speaking up. Schools need to foster an environment in which students feel comfortable reporting threats; students must report threats to trusted adults, and the school and police must respond without delay.

Recommended Changes to School Procedure

Schools must develop a culture in which students will report threats or other concern about violence. Schools then need clear plans in place for responding to reported threats.

 

Full Report

Student Arrested for Possible Planned Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Urban

Type of School Charter

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Was the Crisis Management Team activated for this incident? Unknown

 

Event Information

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

Date of Plot Discovery 02/26/18

Date of Arrest/Intervention 02/26/18

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • told somebody about plans (includes threats)
  • wrote about about plans

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported

The attack was averted by

  • Other Law enforcement
  • School administrator

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? School administration told law enforcement about the threats.

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s name Male Suspect

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 14

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Latino/a

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 9

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Unknown

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history Unknown

Suspect characteristics

  • Impaired social/emotional functioning

Was the suspect every formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Did not provide a reason

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • Yes

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? – Yes

  • Friend

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

Cooperation and relationships with local schools is paramount.
School officials must take immediate action for all threats. Upon obtaining information about the threat, school staff immediately detained the student and called the police.
Students should report any and all threats that they encounter. The student shared his intentions with a friend (possibly in writing), who then reported to school authorities.
Police must investigate without delay once they are called by school personnel about a potential school attack. This was demonstrated in this incident, because when police were called, they came immediately, talked with the suspect, notified his parents, and searched his house. Although nothing illegal was found in the house, the juvenile was charged with making terroristic threats.

Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

Talk to school staff on signs to look for. The school should continue to speak with students about the importance of speaking up. Schools need to foster an environment in which students feel comfortable reporting threats; students must report threats to trusted adults, and the school and police must respond without delay.

Recommended changes to school procedure

Schools must develop a culture in which students will report threats or other concern about violence. Schools then need clear plans in place for responding to reported threats.

Shooting Plot Discovered

How was the attack averted?

had conversation about plans/violent threats reported

What kind of weapon(s) was going to be used?

Firearm

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

3

 

Lessons Learned

Good communication between the student who found the plan in class and his teacher. Prompt communication with the public was very important.
Students: This incident was averted because an alert student intercepted a note or overheard a conversation that detailed the plans. The student then informed a teacher who informed an administrator.
Parents: It is supposed that the three students came from neglectful homes.
School Personnel: When a teacher was made aware of the plot, the teacher involved an administrator who then called the police.
The main lessons for this case are (1) for students to report threats as soon as they occur, and (2) for school personnel to take the report seriously and involve the police as soon as possible.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

Develop personal relationships with all students. They were “outsiders.” Didn’t fit in with most of the kids on campus.

Recommended Changes to School Procedure

Knowing students well. Making sure all students feel safe and cared for at school. School personnel need to make efforts to form positive relationships with all students, even those who are under-performers or “outsiders”.

 

Full Report

Shooting plot discovered

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Rural

Type of School Public

Grade/education level High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 501 to 1000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Did the counselor have knowledge of or engage in previous interventions/ discipline with the suspect(s)? Unknown

Describe the security system at the school

  • School staff monitoring hallways
  • Security cameras used to monitor the school
  • Visitors required to sign in
  • Visitors required to wear badges/ID

Approximately what percentage of classrooms have locks that can be operated from the inside? 100%

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school

  • Active shooter trainings
  • All hazards drills
  • Evacuation drills
  • Lockdown drills

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school – All hazards drills – How often do they occur? monthly

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school – Active shooter trainings – How often do they occur? annually

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school – Evacuation drills – How often do they occur? couple times per year

Describe any response protocols or trainings that occur at the school – Lockdown drills – How often do they occur? annually

How do administration personnel, staff, and teachers communicate during an emergency? Walkie talkies

Was the Crisis Management Team activated for this incident? School does not have a Crisis Management Team

 

Event Information

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: Unknown

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered?

  • wrote about about plans

The attack was initially discovered by

  • Peer

How was the attack averted?

  • had conversation about plans/violent threats reported

The attack was averted by

  • Peer
  • School administrator
  • School teacher

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were going to be used in the attack – Firearm

  • Unknown

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 3

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s name Suspects 1-3

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 14

Suspect’s sex Male

Race/Ethnicity

  • Caucasian, Non-Hispanic

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current Student

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Grade 9

Please describe the suspect’s academic history Historically poor academic performance (low grades, repeating a grade, etc.)

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? Unknown

Please describe the suspect’s disciplinary history Unknown

Add any additional description of the warning signs that the suspect(s) exhibited

Three boys. Low academic performance. No real behavior issues. Some passive aggressive behaviors. It is suspected that the students came from homes that neglected them, due to their unkempt appearances.

Suspect characteristics

  • Impaired social/emotional functioning
  • Social withdrawal/isolation from peers

Was the suspect every formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? No

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim) Unknown

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Unknown

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

Did the suspect engage frequently with violent media/entertainment or written materials (either by consuming or producing the materials)?

  • Unknown

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Bullying
  • Grudge/seeking revenge
  • Hates people

Describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail

Didn’t like certain teachers or students. Teachers were targeted for being hard and mean. Students were targeted for being mean as well, perhaps bullies.

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • No

Did the suspect make vague but disconcerting references to aspects of ideas for violence, plans, or preparations prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than to co-conspirators)? No

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

Good communication between the student who found the plan in class and his teacher. Prompt communication with the public was very important.
Students: This incident was averted because an alert student intercepted a note or overheard a conversation that detailed the plans. The student then informed a teacher who informed an administrator.
Parents: It is supposed that the three students came from neglectful homes.
School Personnel: When a teacher was made aware of the plot, the teacher involved an administrator who then called the police.
The main lessons for this case are (1) for students to report threats as soon as they occur, and (2) for school personnel to take the report seriously and involve the police as soon as possible.

Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

Develop personal relationships with all students. They were “outsiders.” Didn’t fit in with most of the kids on campus.

Recommended changes to school procedure

Knowing students well. Making sure all students feel safe and cared for at school. School personnel need to make efforts to form positive relationships with all students, even those who are under-performers or “outsiders”.

Student Reports Peers’ Plan for Mass Shooting

Event Narrative

 

Three male students talk about plans for mass shooting
Three boys at a California high school talk about their plans for a mass shooting at the school. Other students hear the conversation and report them to the school administration.

Police uncover students’ plans to kill
School staff members contact the Sheriff’s Office and the Sheriffs come to the school and question the boys. They uncover a fourth student involved in the plot, and discover detailed plans of who they boys were going to kill and how they were going to do it. The list of potential victims includes other students and staff. According to authorities, the students confessed and planned to “come on campus and shoot and kill as many people as possible”. No weapons were found, but the Sheriff said the students were in the process of trying to obtain weapons to carry out the attack.

How was the attack averted? The would-be perpetrator had conversation about plans reported.

The attack was averted by: Peer, School administrator

Select all weapons that were going to be used in attack: Firearms

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 4

 

Assessment

 

Describe the lessons learned from this attack or planned attack.

Students: The shooting was probably averted because a student overheard 3 of the 4 plotters talking about their plans. The student told a school administrator, who immediately called the police.
Parents: Parents were upset because the school did not immediately notify them.
School: School personnel need to take all reports of potential violence seriously, and act on them.
Police: Police came immediately and interviewed the suspects. In their interviews they learned of a 4th plotter.

What recommendations would you make so that an attack or planned attack can be avoided in the future?

Students: Students should immediately report information about potential violence to a responsible adult.
School: The school needs to positive working relationship with the police.
Schools need to have a timely communication plan to inform parents of potential dangers.
Police: Police credited their positive relationship with the community at least in part for the successful resolution of this case.

What changes to school procedure would you recommend to avoid attacks in the future?

Have a plan in place for timely communication of incidents to parents.

 

Full Report

Student Reports Peers’ Plan for Mass Shooting

 

Basic Information

 

Information source: News

Who is inputting this information? Police Foundation Staff

 

School Information

 

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of school: Public

Grade/education level: High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 501 to 1000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Describe the security system at the school:

  • Security officers or police officers at/in school

 

Event Information

 

Was this event: Averted

Date of Plot Discovery: 09/30/2015

Date of Arrest/Intervention: 09/30/2015

Event Narrative:

Three male students talk about plans for mass shooting
Three boys at a California high school talk about their plans for a mass shooting at the school. Other students hear the conversation and report them to the school administration.

Police uncover students’ plans to kill
School staff members contact the Sheriff’s Office and the Sheriffs come to the school and question the boys. They uncover a fourth student involved in the plot, and discover detailed plans of who they boys were going to kill and how they were going to do it. The list of potential victims includes other students and staff. According to authorities, the students confessed and planned to “come on campus and shoot and kill as many people as possible”. No weapons were found, but the Sheriff said the students were in the process of trying to obtain some to carry out the attack.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered? The would-be perpetrator was overheard talking about his/her plans.

The attack was initially discovered by: Peer

How was the attack averted? The would-be perpetrator had conversation about plans reported.

The attack was averted by: Peer, School administrator

Who notified law enforcement of the plot? School employee at the school where the event was targeted

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Select all weapons that were going to be used in attack: Firearms

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 4

 

Suspect Information

 

Multiple suspects, limited information on each of them.

Suspect’s sex: Male

Was the suspect a student or affiliated with the school in another way? Current student

What reasons did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack? Did not provide a reason.

Did the suspect tell anyone about his/her plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)? No

 

Assessment:

 

Describe the lessons learned from this attack or planned attack.

Students: The shooting was probably averted because a student overheard 3 of the 4 plotters talking about their plans. The student told a school administrator, who immediately called the police.
Parents: Parents were upset because the school did not immediately notify them.
School: School personnel need to take all reports of potential violence seriously, and act on them.
Police: Police came immediately and interviewed the suspects. In their interviews they learned of a 4th plotter.

What recommendations would you make so that an attack or planned attack can be avoided in the future?

Students: Students should immediately report information about potential violence to a responsible adult.
School: The school needs to positive working relationship with the police.
Schools need to have a timely communication plan to inform parents of potential dangers.
Police: Police credited their positive relationship with the community at least in part for the successful resolution of this case.

What changes to school procedure would you recommend to avoid attacks in the future?

Have a plan in place for timely communication of incidents to parents.

Teacher Prevents High School Shooting

Event Narrative

 

4/27/15 Student brings .357 magnum to school
A student steals his father’s .357 magnum and brings it to school. He fires a round into the gym floor, then runs to the cafeteria and fires a round into the ceiling. Students panic and run out of the school.

Teacher tackles shooter
Various teachers run towards the sound of the gunshots. One teacher tackles the student and prevents him from firing off any more rounds. He is then arrested by the SRO.

7:25 AM Police notified of shooting
Police are called at 7:25 AM and arrive at 7:30, however the shooter had already been stopped by a teacher.

Police arrest and question the shooter
After his arrest, the shooter tells detectives that he fired the shots into the gym floor and cafeteria ceiling deliberately to avoid hurting any other kids at the school. The shooter indicates that his intent was not to hurt anybody. Officers believe that he wanted the school resource officer to shoot him.

How was the attack averted? The would-be perpetrator was tackled / physically restrained.

The attack was averted by: School teacher

Select all weapons that were going to be used in attack: Handgun/pistol

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Assessment

 

Describe the lessons learned from this attack or planned attack.

Students: Students appropriately ran for cover when the shots were fired. They should not attempt to subdue an active shooter.
Parents: The student stole his father’s gun and used it in this incident.
School: The student had recently transferred to the school (19 days earlier).
The student was tackled by a teacher, preventing him from firing additional shots. The SRO arrived and placed him under arrest, before police could get to the school.
Police: The police response was fast – 5 minutes from the shots fired call.

What recommendations would you make so that an attack or planned attack can be avoided in the future?

Parents: Parents who own guns need to keep them properly locked up so they can’t be stolen by their children or others.
School: School staff should pay particular attention to new students to help their transition go smoothly.

What changes to school procedure would you recommend to avoid attacks in the future?

This school had many security systems in place, and practices active shooter scenarios. In this case these seemed to have helped.

 

Full Report

Teacher Prevents High School Shooting

 

Basic Information

 

Information source: News

Who is inputting this information? Police Foundation Staff

 

School Information

 

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of school: Public

Grade/education level: High School

How many students are currently enrolled in the school? 1001 to 2000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Describe the security system at the school:

  • Controlled access to buildings during school hours
  • Security officers or police officers at/in school
  • Locked entrance or exit doors
  • Computerized lockdown system

Describe any security drills or training that occurs at the school: Active shooter training

 

Event Information

 

Was this event: Averted

Date of Planned Attack: 04/27/2015

Date of Plot Discovery: 04/27/2015

Date of Arrest/Intervention: 04/27/2015

Event Narrative:

4/27/15 Suspect brings .357 magnum to school
A student steals his father’s .357 magnum and brings it to school. He fires a round into the gym floor, then runs to the cafeteria and fires a round into the ceiling. Students panic and run out of the school.

Teacher tackles shooter
Various teachers run towards the sound of the gunshots. One teacher tackles the student and prevents him from firing off any more rounds. He is then arrested by the SRO.

7:25 AM Police notified of shooting
Police are called at 7:25 AM and arrive at 7:30, however the shooter had already been stopped by a teacher.

Police arrest and question the shooter
After his arrest, the shooter tells detectives that he fired the shots into the gym floor and cafeteria ceiling deliberately to avoid hurting any other kids at the school. The shooter indicates that his intent was not to hurt anybody. Officers believe that he wanted the school resource officer to shoot him.

What was the plan to gain access to the school? Normal entry

How was the plot initially discovered? The would-be perpetrator began firing rounds into the school gym floor and ceiling.

The attack was initially discovered by: School teacher

How was the attack averted? The would-be perpetrator was tackled / physically restrained.

The attack was averted by: School teacher

Who notified law enforcement of the plot? Teacher at the school where the event was targeted

How was law enforcement notified of (or how did they discover) the plot? Phone call

Select all weapons that were going to be used in attack: Handgun/pistol

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect Information

 

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack: 16

Suspect’s sex: Male

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Current student

What grade/educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? 10

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Yes

Suspect personally experienced: Move

Please describe: He recently transferred to the school

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim) No

What reasons did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack? Did not provide a reason

Please describe the reasons the suspect gave for the planned attack (or attack) in more detail: Police believe he was trying to get the SRO to shoot him.

 

Assessment:

 

Describe the lessons learned from this attack or planned attack.

Students: Students appropriately ran for cover when the shots were fired. They should not attempt to subdue an active shooter.
Parents: The student stole his father’s gun and used it in this incident.
School: The student had recently transferred to the school (19 days earlier).
The student was tackled by a teacher, preventing him from firing additional shots. The SRO arrived and placed him under arrest, before police could get to the school.
Police: The police response was fast – 5 minutes from the shots fired call.

What recommendations would you make so that an attack or planned attack can be avoided in the future?

Parents: Parents who own guns need to keep them properly locked up so they can’t be stolen by their children or others.
School: School staff should pay particular attention to new students to help their transition go smoothly.

What changes to school procedure would you recommend to avoid attacks in the future?

This school had many security systems in place, and practices active shooter scenarios. In this case these seemed to have helped.

University of South Carolina 2015 Targeted Shooting

How many suspects were involved with the plot?

1

 

Lessons Learned

Lesson 1. Students nearby who heard shots fired locked doors, called 911, monitored the lab in which the shooting took place for any movement while awaiting police support, secured safe areas of shelter for themselves and for peers; and provided law enforcement with valuable, timely information regarding both the crime scene and relevant events in the past.

Lesson 2. USC law enforcement responded swiftly and professionally. The first law-enforcement officer arrived at the PHRC, 1 minute and 53 seconds after a dispatcher received a 911 call from the PHRC’s fourth floor. Three more officers arrived at the scene before 2 minutes and 32 seconds had elapsed since the 911 call. By the 6-minute-and-6-second mark, officers entered the laboratory inside room 403 and confirmed the facts that had been described in the 911 call

Lesson 3. USC law-enforcement officers cooperated with SLED, with the Richland County Coroner’s Office, and with other agencies throughout the remainder of the day.

Lesson 4. Senior officials within the Executive Policy Group of USC’s emergency management team convene monthly to review the University’s emergency policies and practices. They have prepared for crises.

All from an incident review: The greatest lessons are that more participation in emergency-preparedness training is needed at USC and that technological capabilities enabling speed and reliability of emergency notices must be improved.

 

Recommendations for Avoiding Future Attacks

Offer improved training programs and increase participation in training programs for all members of the University community regarding emergency preparedness, crisis management, professional development regarding emergencies, and proper interactions with law enforcement.

Assess and improve University emergency notifications and systems.

Review University policies and practices regarding crisis preparedness, safety, and access—along with University communications regarding each of these.

Evaluate facilities and infrastructure in regard to emergency management, while ensuring utility of safety plans for University buildings.

Operationalize all of this report’s recommendations and promulgate them so that other institutions might benefit from the University of South Carolina’s self-study.

Recommended Changes to School Procedure

Though there was apparently no leakage, in hindsight the perpetrator’s behavior indicated a preoccupation with her ex-husband. She sent him numerous emails, showed up repeatedly in his class, and came to his office and would not leave. This kind of stalking behavior needs to be responded to as possibly being part of a build-up toward an attack. Perhaps the police could have interviewed her, or had her followed, or barred her from the campus. None of these things would necessarily have prevented the attack, but might have made her reconsider her plans, or revealed sufficient evidence of danger to generate a search warrant to see if she had weapons.

 

Full Report

University of South Carolina 2015 Targeted Shooting

 

 

School Information

What best describes the area where the school is located? Suburban

Type of School Public

Grade/education level College/University

Select the type of program Doctoral

How many students are currently enrolled in the college/university as a whole? 30,001 to 40,000

Does the school have a counselor/counselors? Yes

Describe the security system at the school

  • Security officers or police officers at/ in school

 

Event Information

Was this event: Carried Out

Date of Attack: 02/05/2015

How many fatalities occurred from the attack? 1

1. Perpetrator and her ex-husband divorce

The perpetrator and her ex-husband stay married until a few years before the shooting. They continue to have a relationship and share a home until one month before the shooting occurs. They had married on Feb. 21, 2009, filed for divorce on August 29, 2013, and the divorce was final on October 29, 2013. Despite having his own home, the victim had been staying with a relative shortly before the attack, while the perpetrator continued to live in the house they had bought as a couple.

2. January 12, 2015 Police resolve dispute between the perpetrator and ex-husband

On January 12, 2015 Perpetrator’s ex-husband, also a professor, calls police on her asking them to evict her. The ex-husband tells police that “an Asian female sits in his lab and has no business being in there,” and also that she “is a student who is trying to enter the PhD program that he is a part of.” The ex-husband adds that he is uncomfortable with the female who continues to contact him. Officers tell the perpetrator to leave the area around the professor’s office. Officers tell the ex-husband, “if the perpetrator tries to contact him again or shows up at his office, to please call police immediately.” He does not mention to police that they had been married or had a relationship.

3. Perpetrator stalks ex-husband

The ex-husband reported to police that the perpetrator repeatedly showed up in his classroom while he was teaching. He said this was causing concern among his students. She had also been sending him emails repeatedly in an effort to get into a Ph.D. program. He forwarded the emails to the police.

4. February 5, 2015 perpetrator shoots ex-husband, then herself

On Thursday, February 5, 2015, the perpetrator enters her ex-husbands office and shoots him multiple times, killing him. She then shoots herself in the abdomen and dies as a result.

5. Law enforcement response

The first law-enforcement officer arrived at the PHRC, 1 minute and 53 seconds after a dispatcher received a 911 call from the PHRC’s fourth floor. Three more officers arrived at the scene before 2 minutes and 32 seconds had elapsed since the 911 call. By the 6-minute-and-6-second mark, officers entered the laboratory inside room 403 and confirmed the facts that had been described in the 911 call: blood was seeping from under the door of office 403A, adjoining the laboratory. The officers could not open the locked door of office 403A, and no one within the locked office responded to the officers’ knocks or calls to anyone inside. After 9 minutes and 55 seconds had elapsed since the 911 call, officers gained entry into office 403A by breaking a window and turning the door handle.

How did the attacker(s) gain access to the school? Normal entry

Select all weapons that were used in the attack

  • Firearm

Select all weapons that were used in the attack – Firearm

  • Handgun/pistol

 

Suspect Information

How many suspects were involved with the plot? 1

 

Suspect #1 Information

Suspect’s age at the time of the plot discovery or attack 46

Suspect’s sex Female

Race/Ethnicity

  • Asian/Asian American

What was the suspect’s affiliation with the targeted school? Former Student – Drop Out

What grade/ educational program was he/she in at the time of the plot discovery or attack? Doctoral

Within 6 months prior to the attack, did the suspect exhibit any of the following academic issues? No known academic issues

Add any additional description of the warning signs that the suspect(s) exhibited

Neighbors mentioned they were concerned for her emotional stability. Also her ex-husband’s call to police about the perpetrator being in his office.

Was the suspect every formally treated (hospitalized, prescribed medication) for a mental illness/developmental disorder? Unknown

Did the suspect suffer from addiction or substance abuse (formally diagnosed or not)? Unknown

Was the suspect involved in bullying? (Either as bully or victim)

  • No

Did the suspect experience a life-changing event/ traumatic experience, other than bullying, at any point in their life? Yes

Suspect personally experienced:

  • Breakup/Separation/Divorce

Was the suspect known to the criminal justice system? (As an offender or victim)

Yes – Other – About a month prior, police had to ask the perpetrator to leave ex-husband’s laboratory after the ex called for help. He had asked officers to evict her.

What reason(s) did the suspect give for the planned attack or attack?

  • Did not provide a reason

Did the suspect tell/threaten anyone directly and overtly about his/her school violence plans prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than co-conspirators)?

  • No

Did the suspect make vague but disconcerting references to aspects of ideas for violence, plans, or preparations prior to the discovery of the attack or the attack itself (other than to co-conspirators)? No

 

Assessment

Lessons learned

Lesson 1. Students nearby who heard shots fired locked doors, called 911, monitored the lab in which the shooting took place for any movement while awaiting police support, secured safe areas of shelter for themselves and for peers; and provided law enforcement with valuable, timely information regarding both the crime scene and relevant events in the past.

Lesson 2. USC law enforcement responded swiftly and professionally. The first law-enforcement officer arrived at the PHRC, 1 minute and 53 seconds after a dispatcher received a 911 call from the PHRC’s fourth floor. Three more officers arrived at the scene before 2 minutes and 32 seconds had elapsed since the 911 call. By the 6-minute-and-6-second mark, officers entered the laboratory inside room 403 and confirmed the facts that had been described in the 911 call

Lesson 3. USC law-enforcement officers cooperated with SLED, with the Richland County Coroner’s Office, and with other agencies throughout the remainder of the day.

Lesson 4. Senior officials within the Executive Policy Group of USC’s emergency management team convene monthly to review the University’s emergency policies and practices. They have prepared for crises.

All from an incident review: The greatest lessons are that more participation in emergency-preparedness training is needed at USC and that technological capabilities enabling speed and reliability of emergency notices must be improved.

Recommendations for avoiding future attacks

Offer improved training programs and increase participation in training programs for all members of the University community regarding emergency preparedness, crisis management, professional development regarding emergencies, and proper interactions with law enforcement.

Assess and improve University emergency notifications and systems.

Review University policies and practices regarding crisis preparedness, safety, and access—along with University communications regarding each of these.

Evaluate facilities and infrastructure in regard to emergency management, while ensuring utility of safety plans for University buildings.

Operationalize all of this report’s recommendations and promulgate them so that other institutions might benefit from the University of South Carolina’s self-study.

Recommended changes to school procedure

Though there was apparently no leakage, in hindsight the perpetrator’s behavior indicated a preoccupation with her ex-husband. She sent him numerous emails, showed up repeatedly in his class, and came to his office and would not leave. This kind of stalking behavior needs to be responded to as possibly being part of a build-up toward an attack. Perhaps the police could have interviewed her, or had her followed, or barred her from the campus. None of these things would necessarily have prevented the attack, but might have made her reconsider her plans, or revealed sufficient evidence of danger to generate a search warrant to see if she had weapons.